Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2018, Page: 13-19
Knowledge, Opinions and Attitudes of Mothers About Breastfeeding and Child Feeding in Rural Areas of Burkina Faso: A Study in Ouargaye’s District Health Facilities
Siri Baperman Abdel Aziz, Minsitry of Health, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Bengaly Marcel, Department of Life and Earth Sciences, University of Ouaga I Pr Joseph Ki-Zerbo, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Garanet Franck, Institute of Research in Health Sciences, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Kouanda Zeynab, Minsitry of Health, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Coulibaly Soumaila, Minsitry of Health, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Catraye Dossou Joseph, Private Department of Public Health Support, BAPS’96, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Sorgho Evrard, Private Department of Public Health Support, BAPS’96, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Received: Oct. 4, 2018;       Accepted: Oct. 25, 2018;       Published: Nov. 29, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.jfmhc.20180403.11      View  17      Downloads  9
Abstract
Malnutrition in the child is still a major public health problem in most developing countries such as Burkina Faso. Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices should be influenced by the mother's knowledge and attitude about the subject. We carried out a cross-sectional study in primary health care centers randomly selected. The objectives of our work were to study the mother's knowledge and attitudes about IYCF and analyze associated factors. In total, we surveyed 287 mothers. The average age of mothers was 26.7 years, 71.4% of them were uneducated and 94.5% were unemployed. The average number of gesture among mothers was 3.44. Among mothers, 15% was in underweight and 10.7% was in excess weight. Most mothers (82, 8%) admitted that colostrum has an advantage for the newborn and 87.8% were aware of the proper diet (exclusive breastfeeding) of children under six months of age. Slightly more than half (55%) of mothers had a low level of knowledge about the benefits of breastfeeding. Water supply (p=0.041) and habitat type (p=0.001) were statistically associated with the level of knowledge about the benefits of breastfeeding. About half (54%) of respondents were aware of the recommended delay of breastfeeding initiation in postpartum. Feeding in disease situation was known by the majority of mothers just as breastfeeding at night. About one in five mothers (18.5%) reported that children under six months of age need water supplementation. The discomfort to breastfeed in public was an unusual feeling (6%) and 87, 2% of respondents admitted that breastfeeding should be continued until the age of two years after birth.The level of knowledge of mothers about the advantages of breastfeeding was still low however most of them knew the adequate duration of EBF and the recommended duration of breastfeeding. Attitudes concerning breastfeeding were positives. Targeted interventions on maternal health services and communities could raise the level of knowledge about IYCF particularly on the benefits of EBF.
Keywords
Knowledge, Attitude, Infant and Young Child, Feeding, Breastfeeding
To cite this article
Siri Baperman Abdel Aziz, Bengaly Marcel, Garanet Franck, Kouanda Zeynab, Coulibaly Soumaila, Catraye Dossou Joseph, Sorgho Evrard, Knowledge, Opinions and Attitudes of Mothers About Breastfeeding and Child Feeding in Rural Areas of Burkina Faso: A Study in Ouargaye’s District Health Facilities, Journal of Family Medicine and Health Care. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2018, pp. 13-19. doi: 10.11648/j.jfmhc.20180403.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
WHO/UNICEF. Global Strategy on Infant and Young Child Feeding [Internet]. Geneva, World Health Organization. 2003 [cited 13 July 2013]. Available from http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/42590/9241562218.pdf.
[2]
Gartner LM, Morton J, Lawrence RA, Naylor AJ, O'Hare D, Schanler RJ, Eidelman AI. Breastfeeding and the use of human milk. Pediatrics. 2005, 115 (2): 496-506.
[3]
World Health Organization (WHO). Global Data Bank on Infant and Young Child Feeding [Internet]. Geneva, World Health Organization. 2010 [13 July 2016]. Available from: http://www.who.int/nutrition/databases/infantfeeding/en/.
[4]
Victora CG, Bahl R, Barros AJD, França GVA, Horton S, Krasevec J, et al. Breastfeeding in the 21st century: epidemiology, mechanisms, and lifelong effect. The Lancet. Janv 2016;387(10017):475‑90.
[5]
Institut National de la Statistique et de la Démographie (INSD) et ICF International, 2012. Enquête Démographique et de Santé et à Indicateurs Multiples du Burkina Faso 2010. Calverton, Maryland, USA : INSD et ICF International.
[6]
Onayade AA, Abiona TC, Abayomi IO, Makanjuola ROA. The first six-month growth and illness of exclusively and non-exclusively breastfed infants in Nigeria. East African Medical Journal 2004; 81 (3):146–53.
[7]
Khadivzadeh T, Parsai S. Effect of exclusive breastfeeding and complementary feeding on infant growth and morbidity. East Mediterr Health J Rev Sante Mediterr Orient Al-Majallah Al-Sihhiyah Li-Sharq Al-Mutawassit. may 2004;10(3):289‑94.
[8]
Ip S, Chung M, Raman G, Chew P, Magula N, DeVine D, Trikalinos T, Lau J. Breastfeeding and Maternal and Infant Health Outcomes in Developed Countries. Evidence Report/Technology Assessment No. 153 (Prepared by Tufts-New England Medical Center Evidence-based Practice Center, under Contract No. 290-02-0022). AHRQ Publication No. 07-E007. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. April 2007.
[9]
Black RE, Allen LH, Bhutta ZA, Caulfield LE, de Onis M, Ezzati M, Mathers C, Rivera J: Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences. Lancet 2008, 371:243–260.
[10]
Roya Kelishadi and Sanam Farajian. The protective effects of breastfeeding on chronic non-communicable diseases in adulthood: A review of evidence. Adv Biomed Res. 2014; 3:3.
[11]
Davis MK. Breastfeeding and chronic disease in childhood and adolescence. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2011; 48:125–41.
[12]
Eman S. Mohammed, Eman R. Ghazawy, and Eptesam E. Hassan. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices of Breastfeeding and Weaning Among Mothers of Children up to 2 Years Old in a Rural Area in El-Minia Governorate, Egypt. J Family Med Prim Care. 2014 Apr-Jun; 3 (2): 136–140.
[13]
Mbada Chidozie E, Adekemi E Olowookere, Joel O Faronbi and al. Knowledge, attitude and techniques of breastfeeding among Nigerian mothers from a Semi-urban community. BMC Research Notes 2013, 6:552.
[14]
Karimi B, Sani MZ, Ghorbani R, Danai N. The Pregnant Mothers’ Knowledge About Breastfeeding in Semnan, Iran. Middle East J Rehabil Health. 2014 July; 1(1): e20833.
[15]
Nyanga NM, Musita C, Otieno A, Kaseje D. Factors influencing knowledge and practice of exclusive breastfeeding in Nyando district, Kenya. African J of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development, 2012;12(6):1-14.
[16]
Vijayalakshmi P, Susheela T, Mythili D. Knowledge, Attitudes and Breast Feeding Practices of Postnatal Mothers : A Cross Sectional Survey. Int J Health Sci. 2015;9(4):363‑72.
[17]
Agu U, Agu MC. Knowledge and practice of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers in a rural population in south eastern Nigeria. Trop J Med Res. 2011; 6(2):39–44.
[18]
Ekanem IA, Ekanem AP, Asuquo A, Eyo VO. Attitude of working mothers to exclusive breastfeeding in Calabar municipality, cross river State, Nigeria. J Food Res 2012, 1 (2):71–75.
[19]
Oche M, Umar A, Ahmed H. Knowledge and practice of exclusive breastfeeding in Kware, Nigeria. Afr Health Sci. sept 2011;11(3):518‑23.
[20]
Persad MD, Mensinger JL. Maternal breastfeeding attitudes: Association with breastfeeding intent and socio-demographics among urban primiparas. Journal of Community Health. 2008; 33:53–60.
[21]
Chaturvedi P, Banait N. Knowledge, and attitude regarding breast-feeding, in mothers attending antenatal clinics. Indian J Pediatr, 2000 Apr; 67 (4):259-62.
[22]
Chaudhary RN, Shah T, Raja S. Knowledge and practice of mothers regarding breast feeding: a hospital based study. Health Renaissance 2011; 9:194–200.
[23]
Edmond KM, Zandoh C, Quigley MA, Amenga-Etego S, Owusu-Agyei S, Kirkwood BR. Delayed breastfeeding initiation increases risk of neonatal mortality. Pediatrics. mars 2006;117(3):e380-386.
[24]
Amanda K Debes, Anjalee Kohli, Neff Walker, Karen Edmond, Luke C Mullany. Time to initiation of breastfeeding and neonatal mortality and morbidity: a systematic review BMC Public Health 2013, 13 (Suppl 3): S19.
[25]
WHO. Newborn death and illness. Geneva, WHO. 2011 [cited 13 july 2016]. Available from: http://www.who.int/pmnch/media/press_materials/fs/fs_newborndealth_illness/en/.
[26]
Lucen Afrosea, Bilkis Banua, Kazi R Ahmeda, Khurshida Khanoma. Factors associated with knowledge about breastfeeding among female garment workers in Dhaka city. WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health 2012; 1 (3):249–255.
[27]
Ogbonna C, Daboer JC. Current knowledge and practice of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers in Jos, Nigeria. Niger J Med J Natl Assoc Resid Dr Niger. sept 2007;16(3):256‑60.
[28]
McCann, M. E., Baydar, N., & Williams, R. L. (2007). Breastfeeding attitudes and reported problems in a national sample of WIC participants. Journal of Human Lactation, 23 (4), 314–324.
[29]
World Health Organization, UNICEF. Baby-friendly hospital initiative: revised, updated and expanded for integrated care. [Internet]. 2009 [cited 13 july 2016]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK153471/.
Browse journals by subject