Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2018, Page: 26-32
Prevalence of Depression and Associated Factors in HIV-Positive Adults Attending an Antiretroviral Clinic in Jos, Nigeria
Halima Mwuese Sule, Department of Family Medicine, University of Jos/Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
Patricia Aladi Agaba, Department of Family Medicine, University of Jos/Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
Raphael Onu Ojoh, Department of Family Medicine, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
Michael Terkura Agbir, Department of Psychiatry, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
Kingsley Mayowa Okonoda, Department of Psychiatry, University of Jos/Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
Received: Nov. 19, 2018;       Accepted: Dec. 5, 2018;       Published: Jan. 14, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.jfmhc.20180404.12      View  329      Downloads  40
Abstract
Clinical depression has been associated with various chronic disease conditions. The chronic course of HIV, fostered by the use of antiretroviral therapy in infected patients, puts them at risk of developing clinical depression which unfortunately, is often underdiagnosed and therefore undertreated. The study estimated the prevalence of depression and associated factors amongst adult patients receiving antiretroviral therapy in a clinic in Jos, using the PHQ-9 questionnaire. Three hundred and fourteen patients with a mean age of 45 ± 10 years were enrolled in a descriptive cross-sectional study. There were 63 males and 251 females, with mean known duration of HIV infection of 11 ± 4 years. Depression was found to be common in the group. Thirty one percent of the patients had depression, and of these, 83 (85%) had mild depression while 12 (12%) had moderate depression and 3 (3%) had moderately severe depression. The factors associated with depression in these patients were analysed using logistic regression. Female gender (P=0.02) as well as age equal to or greater than 45 years (P= 0.03) were shown to be significantly associated with depression. When encountered in such patients, the factors identified to be associated with depression, should serve not only to raise the index of suspicion towards this diagnosis but should also prompt the need to screen for depression. This will contribute to enhancing the chances of diagnosing and treating depression in HIV.
Keywords
Prevalence, HIV, Depression, Adult, Nigeria
To cite this article
Halima Mwuese Sule, Patricia Aladi Agaba, Raphael Onu Ojoh, Michael Terkura Agbir, Kingsley Mayowa Okonoda, Prevalence of Depression and Associated Factors in HIV-Positive Adults Attending an Antiretroviral Clinic in Jos, Nigeria, Journal of Family Medicine and Health Care. Vol. 4, No. 4, 2018, pp. 26-32. doi: 10.11648/j.jfmhc.20180404.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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