Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2019, Page: 64-69
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Children Aged 18-36 Months in Hubei Province, China
Qiong Dai, Health Care Department, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
Xuejun Kong, Synapse Program/Martinos Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Bostons, USA
Yiqing Song, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Indiana, Bloomington, USA
Aiqin Zhou, Health Care Department, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
Xuan Zhang, Health Care Department, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
Ping Zhang, Health Care Department, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
Minghui Li, Health Care Department, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
Xinglian Liu, Health Care Department, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
Jun Wang, Department of Biomedicine and Biopharmaceuticals, Hubei University of Technology, Wuhan, China
Haiqing Xu, Health Care Department, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
Received: Nov. 6, 2019;       Accepted: Nov. 22, 2019;       Published: Dec. 6, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.jfmhc.20190504.15      View  177      Downloads  64
Abstract
We recruited 15,417 participants aged 18 to 36 months in central China using a stratified, multi-stage random sampling method. For children with a positive result in Toddlers screening test, further diagnostic assessment of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) was performed using the childhood autism rating scale and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. ASD prevalence among these children was 0.58% in Hubei province. Multivariate-adjusted logistic regression models were then used to explore potential ASD risk factors. One parent aged 35 or older, preterm birth, and birth weight < 2.0 kg remained significantly associated with elevated ASD risk (P < 0.05). These findings indicated that management of adverse perinatal factors may prevent the occurrence of ASD.
Keywords
Autism Spectrum Disorders, Prevalence, Risk Factors
To cite this article
Qiong Dai, Xuejun Kong, Yiqing Song, Aiqin Zhou, Xuan Zhang, Ping Zhang, Minghui Li, Xinglian Liu, Jun Wang, Haiqing Xu, Prevalence and Risk Factors of Autism Spectrum Disorders in Children Aged 18-36 Months in Hubei Province, China, Journal of Family Medicine and Health Care. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2019, pp. 64-69. doi: 10.11648/j.jfmhc.20190504.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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