Volume 6, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 62-65
Relationship Between Maternal Nutritional Status and Birth Outcome Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic at Yusuf Dantsoho Memorial Hospital Kaduna
Safiya Aliyu Tijjani, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria
Maimuna Ladidi Aliyu, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria
Kudirat Afolabi, Department of Food Technology, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nigeria
Received: Feb. 17, 2020;       Accepted: Feb. 27, 2020;       Published: Jun. 4, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.jfmhc.20200603.11      View  182      Downloads  42
This study was undertaken to find out the relationship between maternal dietary pattern, anthropometric indices with birth outcome among pregnant women in their 3rd trimester attending antenatal clinic at Yusuf Dantsoho Memorial Hospital, Tudun Wada, Kaduna. Sixty-seven mothers – baby pair participated in the study. Weight, height, and Mid Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) of mothers were measured with unclothed newborn length, weight, head and chest circumference also taken. Results obtained shows mean maternal age, weight, height, and MUAC of 31.20±8.40 years, 70.37±12.73 kg, 1.620±0.07 m, 26.65±4.08 cm, and 26.63±3.80 kg/m2 respectively. Majority of the pregnant women (77.60%) had good nutritional status while 16.40%, 6.00% are moderately and severely malnourished respectively. Maternal dietary pattern showed daily to weekly intake of all the food groups with less than 50% except for bread and cereals which is more than 50%. Maternal mean intake of total protein and total calories was close to the recommended daily intake of 60- 75 kg/day, and 2500 – 3000 kcal respectively. Newborn anthropometric measurements indicated that 61.20% were mildly stunted, 70.10% mildly underweight, and 62.70% moderately wasted neonates. Head and chest circumference are within the normal range. Maternal anthropometry and dietary pattern showed a positive correlation with birth outcome.
Maternal, Dietary, Anthropometric, Women, Kaduna
To cite this article
Safiya Aliyu Tijjani, Maimuna Ladidi Aliyu, Kudirat Afolabi, Relationship Between Maternal Nutritional Status and Birth Outcome Among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic at Yusuf Dantsoho Memorial Hospital Kaduna, Journal of Family Medicine and Health Care. Vol. 6, No. 3, 2020, pp. 62-65. doi: 10.11648/j.jfmhc.20200603.11
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
NDHS (2013) Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey. Calverton, Maryland: National population Commission, Abuja – Nigeria and ORC/Macro. Nigeria Abuja, Nigeria.
Villar J., Belizan JM., (2003) The contribution of fetal growth and premature babies to low birth weight babies in developing societies. American Medical Journal Obstetric Gynecology. 46 (4); 231-6.
Blumenshine A., Cellic N. (2010); Pregnancy and Lactation Among Urban Poor in Africa. National Academy Press. Washington D. C. 73: 61 And 108.
WHO (2012), Maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health: care of the preterm and/or low- birth-weight newborn. World Health Organization.
Tianan J, Parul C, Subarna K. K, Lee W, Keith PW. (2005); Micronutrient deficiencies in early pregnancy are common, concurrent and vary by season among rural nepali pregnant women. Journal Nutrition 135: 1106-12.
Addai, M. (2010), Prevelance and Determinant of Maternal and Child Malnutrition in West Africa, Micronutrient the Hidden Hunger, The Multiethnic Cohort Study. Journal Nutrition 135 (4): 843.
Kazaura, M. R., Kidanto, H. L. & Massawe, S. N. (2011). Levels, Trends and Risk for Early Neonatal Mortality at Muhimbili National Hospital, Tanzania. East African Journal of Public Health 3, 10-13.
UNICEF (2011) Malaysia: The Millennium Development goal at 2010. Kuala Lampur: United Nation Country team. Malatsia.
NURHI. Nigerian Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (2014). Kaduna. http/www.nurhitoolkit.org. Of Maternal Death: A Systematic Review. Lancet.; 367 (9516): 1066–74.
Northstone K, Emmett P, Rogers I. (2011). Dietary patterns in pregnancy and associations with socio-demographic and lifestyle factors. European Journal Clinical Nutrition. 62 (4): 471–9.
Corgill Bruce. (2003): Anthropometry Indicator Measurement Guide. Washington. DC: Food and Nutrition Technical Assistance (FANTA) Project, FHI 36.
Fareeha S., Fariha Z., Rubina H, Abdul B., Asher F. And Akhtar H. (2014)., Maternal Dietary Intake and Anthropometric Measurements of Newborn at Birth Diabetes Journal, 7, 14-19.
Song YP, Suzanne PM, Lynne RW, (2005); Dietary patterns using the food guide pyramid groups are associated with socio-demographic and lifestyle factors: the multiethnic cohort study. Journal Nutrition. 135 (4): 843-9.
Gopalan C, Ramasastri BV, Balasubramanian SC. (2002) Nutritive Value of Indian Food. Hyderabad: National Institute of Nutrition, ICMR.
Kramer, S. M. (2003). The Epidemiology of Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes: An Overview. Journal Nutrition, 12 (3): 133-140.
Browse journals by subject