Volume 6, Issue 4, December 2020, Page: 106-112
Depression and Leisure-Time Physical Activity in Pubertal Girls
Nora Nabil Hussien, Department of Family Medicine-Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt
Rasha Mohammed Bahaa Eldin, Department of Family Medicine-Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt
Received: Oct. 10, 2020;       Accepted: Oct. 23, 2020;       Published: Nov. 4, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.jfmhc.20200604.11      View  37      Downloads  20
Abstract
Treating depression can be a financial burden on the health care system and time consuming; finding an alternative that may prevent or decrease the occurrence of depression may be better for adolescents. This study intended to estimate the prevalence of depression among pubertal school adolescent girls and to determine the difference between physically active pubertal girls and sedentary ones regarding the presence of depressive symptoms. It is a cross sectional study, done in 10th of Ramadan city, on 365 adolescent pubertal girls in 7-12 grades. The Short Moods and Feelings Questionnaire (SMFQ) was used to evaluate depressive symptoms and Godin Leisure-Time Exercise questionnaire for the assessment of self-reported leisure-time physical activity. This study revealed that the prevalence of depression in adolescent girls was (47.4%). Depression is significantly present among insufficiently active students (53.8%) with (COR 3.9, 95% CI 2.4-6.5) with (P<0.001). The percent of active students are significantly higher among those attending private schools (44.4%) (COR 3.7, 95% CI 2.1-6.8) versus (27.4%-28.2%) (COR 1.2, 95% CI 0.8-2.0 and 0.3, 95% CI 0.2-0.5) respectively in language governmental and in governmental schools with (P value<0.001). There is significant negative correlation between depression and leisure-time physical activity (r=-0.49, P<0.001). It was concluded that depression is inversely related to physical activity, so it’s a must to encourage all adolescents to be engaged in regular bases physical activity to avoid psychiatric troubles as depression that may occur in this age with hormonal changes of puberty.
Keywords
Adolescents, Physical Activity, Depressive Symptoms
To cite this article
Nora Nabil Hussien, Rasha Mohammed Bahaa Eldin, Depression and Leisure-Time Physical Activity in Pubertal Girls, Journal of Family Medicine and Health Care. Vol. 6, No. 4, 2020, pp. 106-112. doi: 10.11648/j.jfmhc.20200604.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
World Health Organization. Adolescent mental health. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/adolescent-mental-health. Accessed August 2020.
[2]
Goddings A, Heyes S, Bird G, Viner R, Blakemore S. The relationship between puberty and social emotion processing. Dev Sci 2012; 15 (6): 801–811.
[3]
Thapar A, Collishaw S, Pine D, Thapar A. Depression in adolescence. PMC. Lancet 2012; 17: 379 (9820): 1056–1067.
[4]
Janssen I, LeBlanc A. Systematic review of the health benefits of physical activity and fitness in school-aged children and youth. The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2010; 7 (1): 40.
[5]
Graham D, Bauer K, Friend S, Barr-Anderson D, Nuemark-Sztainer D. Personal, behavioral, and socio-environmental correlates of physical activity among adolescent girls: Cross-sectional and longitudinal associations. J Phys Act Health 2014; 11 (1): 51–61.
[6]
Shennar-Golan V, Walter O. Physical activity intensity among adolescents and association with parent–adolescent relationship and well-being. Am J Mens Health 2018; 12 (5): 1530–1540.
[7]
Desouky DE, Ibrahem RA, Omar MS. Prevalence and comorbidity of depression, anxiety and obsessive compulsive disorders among Saudi secondary school girls, Taif Area, KSA. Arch Iran Med. 2015; 18 (4): 234–238.
[8]
Angold A, Costello E, Messer S, Pickles A, Winder F, Silver D. The development of a short questionnaire for use in epidemiological studies of depression in children and adolescents. International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research 1995; 5 (4): 237-249.
[9]
Godin G. The Godin-Shephard leisure-time physical activity questionnaire. Health & Fitness Journal of Canada 2011; 4 (1): 18–22.
[10]
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Physical activity for everyone: The benefits of physical activity. http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/everyone/health/index.html. last reviewed: September, 2020.
[11]
World Health Organization. Physical activity. Geneva 2018. (Fact Sheet, 385). http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs385/en/ Accessed August 2020.
[12]
World Health Organization. Global Health Observatory (GHO) data. Prevalence of insufficient physical activity. https://www.who.int/gho/ncd/risk_factors/physical_activity_text/en/. Accessed August 2020.
[13]
De Lima TR, Silva DA. Prevalence of physical activity among adolescents in southern Brazil. Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies 2018; (22): 1: 57-63.
[14]
Sharma B, Chavez RC, Nam EW. Prevalence and correlates of insufficient physical activity in school adolescents in Peru. Rev Saude Publica 2018; 52: 51.
[15]
Marques A, Henriques-Neto D, Peralta M, Martins J, Demetriou Y, Schönbach DM et al. Prevalence of physical activity among adolescents from 105 low, middle, and high-income countries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020; 17: 3145.
[16]
Jha K, Singh SK, Nirala SK, Kumar C, Kumar P, Aggrawal N. Prevalence of depression among school-going adolescents in an urban area of Bihar, India. Indian J Psychol Med 2017; 39 (3): 287–292.
[17]
Khalil AH, Rabie MA, Abd-El-Aziz MF, Abdou TA, El-Rasheed AH, Sabry WM. Clinical characteristics of depression among adolescent females: a cross-sectional study. Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health. 2010; 4: 26.
[18]
El-Missiry A, Soltan M, Abdel Hadi M, Sabry W. Screening for depression in a sample of Egyptian secondary school female students. J Affect Disord 2012; 136 (1-2): e61-e68.
[19]
Birkeland MS, Torsheim T, Wold B. A longitudinal study of the relationship between leisure-time physical activity and depressed mood among adolescents. Psychology of Sport and Exercise 2009; 10 (1): 25-34.
[20]
Wiles NJ, Haase AM, Lawlor DA, Ness A, Lewis G. Physical activity and depression in adolescents: Cross-sectional findings from the ALSPAC cohort. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 2012; 47 (7): 1023–1033.
[21]
Rothon C, Edwards P, Bhui K, Viner R, Taylor S, Stansfeld S. Physical activity and depressive symptoms in adolescents: a prospective study. BMC Medicine 2010; 8: 32.
[22]
Ganz J. "Relationship between physical activity and depressive symptoms in adolescents" Theses, Dissertations, and Other Capstone Projects 2012. Minnesota State University, Mankato Cornerstone: A Collection of Scholarly and Creative Works for Minnesota State University, Mankato Paper 227.
Browse journals by subject